40% of your body’s dry matter is Protein. This makes protein the second most essential nutrient to your body, only to be topped by water.
Proteins are essential macromolecules for the body. They are one of the building blocks of all tissues and have critical roles in cells. Proteins can be enzymes which catalyse important chemical reactions within cells such as metabolism of fats and carbohydrates. They are the centre of action of all biological processes. They also have regulatory roles which monitor conditions within cells and therefore, on a wider scale, control tissue processes.
On a wider scale, Haemoglobin transports oxygen around they body. Myoglobin and elastin are important components of muscle fibres and are required for muscle growth and repair. Some proteins can act as hormones too. Also, the immune system requires many different proteins such as complement proteins which enhance immune responses and antibodies which protect the body from harmful infectious agents such as bacteria or viruses.
A lack of protein in the diet can lead to multiple problems:
- A weak immune system
- Tiredness and Fatigue
- Slow recovery after injury
- Lack of strength throughout and after exercise
- Hair loss
Overall, I think we can agree that Protein is pretty damn important!
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